Peering into the early Universe some 12 billion years in the past, scientists in France have for the primary time seen the incandescent filaments of hydrogen gasoline often known as the “cosmic internet,” they stated Thursday.
Cosmological fashions have lengthy predicted its existence, however till now the cosmic internet had by no means been immediately noticed and captured in photos.
Eight months of commentary with the European Southern Observatory’s Very Giant Telescope and a yr of information crunching revealed the filaments as they existed just one to 2 billion years after the Huge Bang.
However the greatest shock, scientists stated, was simulations displaying that the sunshine got here from billions of beforehand invisible — and unsuspected — dwarf galaxies spawning trillions of stars.
The findings have been reported within the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
“After an preliminary interval of darkness, the Universe erupted with gentle and produced an enormous variety of stars,” senior creator Roland Bacon, a scientist on the Centre for Astrophysics Analysis in Lyon, instructed AFP.
“One of many large questions is what ended that interval of darkness,” resulting in a part within the early Universe often known as re-ionisation, he stated.
Till now, astronomers had solely caught