The most important asteroid to move by Earth this 12 months will method inside some 1.25 million miles (two million kilometres) of our planet on March 21, NASA stated Thursday.
The US house company stated it’s going to enable astronomers to get a uncommon shut have a look at an asteroid.
The asteroid, 2001 FO32, is estimated to be about 3,000 toes in diameter and was found 20 years in the past, NASA stated.
An asteroid that shaped on the daybreak of our photo voltaic system will zoom safely previous Earth on March 21. The item, referred to as 2001 FO32, will probably be about 1.25M miles (2M km) away from our planet, but it surely’ll present astronomers a uncommon likelihood to look at the rocky relic. https://t.co/UQYBFPuIHz pic.twitter.com/WrYZB3Wyno
— NASA JPL (@NASAJPL) March 11, 2021
“We all know the orbital path of 2001 FO32 across the Solar very precisely,” stated Paul Chodas, director of the Middle for Close to Earth Object Research. “There isn’t a likelihood the asteroid will get any nearer to Earth than 1.25 million miles.”
That’s roughly 5.25 occasions the space of the Earth from the Moon however nonetheless shut sufficient for 2001 FO32 to be labeled as a “probably hazardous asteroid.”
NASA stated 2001 FO32 will move by at about 77,000 miles per hour sooner than the velocity at which most asteroids encounter Earth.
“At present, little is understood about this object, so the very shut encounter supplies an excellent alternative to be taught an incredible deal about this asteroid,” stated Lance Benner, principal scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
NASA stated astronomers hope to get a greater understanding of the asteroid’s dimension and a tough thought of its composition by learning gentle reflecting off its floor.
“When daylight hits an asteroid’s floor, minerals within the rock take up some wavelengths whereas reflecting others,” NASA stated. “By learning the spectrum of sunshine reflecting off the floor, astronomers can measure the chemical ‘fingerprints’ of the minerals on the floor of the asteroid.”
Newbie astronomers in some components of the globe ought to have the ability to conduct their very own observations.
“The asteroid will probably be brightest whereas it strikes by way of southern skies, Chodas stated.
“Newbie astronomers within the southern hemisphere and at low northern latitudes ought to have the ability to see this asteroid utilizing average dimension telescopes with apertures of at the least eight inches within the nights main as much as closest method, however they may most likely want star charts to seek out it.”
NASA stated greater than 95 % of near-Earth asteroids the dimensions of 2001 FO32 or bigger have been catalogued and none of them has any likelihood of impacting our planet over the subsequent century.
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